Neural networks

Monday, April 22, 2019 - 1:25pm - 2:25pm
Tom Goldstein (University of Maryland)
Neural networks solve complex computer vision problems with human-like accuracy. However, it has recently been observed that neural nets are easily fooled and manipulated by adversarial examples, in which an attacker manipulates the network by making tiny changes to its inputs. In this talk, I give a high-level overview of adversarial examples, and then discuss a newer type of attack called data poisoning, in which a network is manipulated at train time rather than test time.
Thursday, March 8, 2018 - 10:30am - 11:30am
Garrett Goh (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory)
With access to large datasets, deep neural networks (DNN) have achieved human-level accuracy in image and speech recognition tasks. However, in chemistry, data is inherently small and fragmented. In this work, we develop various approaches of using rule-based models and physics-based simulations to train ChemNet, a transferable and generalizable pre-trained network for small-molecule property prediction that learns in a weak-supervised manner from large unlabeled chemical databases.
Saturday, September 16, 2017 - 9:00am - 9:30am
David Haslam (Cincinnati Childrens Hospital Medical Center)
There is an urgent need to develop new ways to combat the threat of rising antibiotic resistance rates, which has been nationally highlighted explicitly in recent action plans of the CDC and the White House. Our laboratory has found that hospitalized patients who develop infection almost always have the infecting bacterium on their body before they become ill, usually in the intestine but occasionally on the skin or in the mouth.
Wednesday, September 30, 2015 - 9:00am - 10:00am
Rodolphe Sepulchre (University of Cambridge)
This talk investigates the role of feedback in a network of amplifiers. We start by revisiting the theory of the individual feedback amplifier. Then, taking inspiration from neuronal behaviors, we present a simple architecture that makes the network amplification zoomable, allowing for a versatile modulation of the resolution of the network amplifier. The network property results from a feedback localization property of the individual amplifiers.
Wednesday, July 8, 2009 - 3:00pm - 4:00pm
Duane Nykamp (University of Minnesota, Twin Cities)
No Abstract
Friday, May 17, 2013 - 9:00am - 9:50am
Jonathan Touboul (Collège de France)
In this talk I will introduce the main mathematical questions arising in the modeling of large-scale neuronal networks involved at functional scales in the brain. Such networks are composed of multiple populations (different neuronal types), in which each neuron has a stochastic dynamics and operate in a random environment. Understanding the collective dynamics of such neuronal assemblies involves mathematical tools developed in statistical physics, and most cortical activity regimes are out-of-equilibrium, related to periodic or chaotic solutions in law.
Tuesday, May 14, 2013 - 10:15am - 11:05am
Brent Doiron (University of Pittsburgh)
Synaptic transmission is a central component of neural processing. Short term depression occurs when repeated driving of a synapse reduces its efficacy, a feature that is common across the nervous system. The mechanics of synaptic discharge are well characterized and involve both probabilistic release and uptake of neurotransmitter during activity. However, many studies which consider the impact of depression on information flow use a deterministic model of depression, based on trial averaged response.
Wednesday, September 5, 2012 - 11:30am - 12:30pm
Jörn Davidsen (University of Calgary)
Inferring cause-effect relationships from observations is one of the fundamental challenges in natural sciences and beyond. Due to the technological advances over the last decade, the amount of observations and data available to characterize complex systems and their dynamics has increased substantially, making scientists face this challenge in many different areas. Specific examples of general importance include seismicity as well as nerve cell cultures and even the brain.
Monday, February 27, 2012 - 4:30pm - 4:45pm
Tanya Berger-Wolf (University of Illinois, Chicago)
Computation has fundamentally changed the way we study nature. Recent
breakthroughs in data collection technology, such as GPS and other
mobile sensors, high definition cameras, satellite images, and genotyping, are
giving biologists access to data about wild populations, from genetic to
social interactions, which are orders of magnitude richer than any
previously collected. Such data offer the promise of answering some of
the big questions in population biology: Why do animals form social
Wednesday, October 26, 2011 - 9:00am - 10:00am
Guillermo Sapiro (University of Minnesota, Twin Cities)
In this talk I will describe recent results on large populations of brain connectivity networks. We analyze sex and kinship relations and their effects in brain networks metrics and topologies. The reported results are obtained in collaboration between the team of Paul Thompson at UCLA and my team at the UofM, in particular Neda Jahanshad and Julio Duarte-Carvajalino.


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