Cryo-Electron Microscopy Image Analysis with Multi-Frequency Vector Diffusion Maps

Tuesday, October 15, 2019 - 9:05am - 9:50am
Keller 3-180
Zhizhen (Jane) Zhao (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)
Cryo-electron microscopy (EM) single particle reconstruction is an entirely general technique for 3D structure determination of macromolecular complexes. However, because the images are taken at low electron dose, it is extremely hard to visualize the individual particle with low contrast and high noise level. In this lecture, I will introduce a new approach called multi-frequency vector diffusion maps (MFVDM) to improve the efficiency and accuracy of cryo-EM 2D image classification and denoising. This framework incorporates different irreducible representations of the estimated alignment between similar images. In addition, we propose a graph filtering scheme to denoise the images using the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the MFVDM matrices. Through both simulated and publicly available real data, we demonstrate that our proposed method is efficient and robust to noise compared with the state-of-the-art cryo-EM 2D class averaging and image restoration algorithms.