Stochastic Simulation of Predictive Space-Time Scenarios of Wind Speed Using Observations and Physical Models

Thursday, April 26, 2018 - 9:30am - 10:00am
Keller 3-180
Mihai Anitescu (Argonne National Laboratory)
Abstract. We propose a statistical space-time model for predicting atmospheric wind speed based on deterministic numerical weather predictions and historical measurements. We consider a Gaussian multivariate space-time framework that combines multiple sources of past physical model outputs and measurements along with model predictions in order to produce a probabilistic wind speed forecast within the prediction window. Relevant to this workshop, the approach results in the ability of quantifying the model error of numerical weather sytems. We illustrate this strategy on wind speed forecast during several months in 2012 for a region near the Great Lakes in the United States. The results show that the prediction is improved in the mean-squared sense relative to the numerical forecasts as well as in probabilistic scores. Moreover, the samples are shown to produce realistic wind scenarios based on sample spectra.
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