Virial Theorem and Eigenvalue Estimate of Nonlinear Schrödinger Equations

Monday, November 7, 2016 - 1:30pm - 2:30pm
Lind 305
Tai-Chia Lin (National Taiwan University)
The virial theorem is a nice property for the linear Schr\”{o}dinger equation in atomic and molecular physics as it gives an elegant ratio between the kinetic and potential energies and is useful in assessing the quality of numerically computed eigenvalues. If the governing equation is a nonlinear Schr\”{o}dinger equation with power-law nonlinearity, then a similar ratio can be obtained but there seems no way of getting any eigenvalue estimate. It is surprising as far as we are concerned that when the nonlinearity is either square-root or saturable nonlinearity (not a power-law), one can develop a virial theorem and eigenvalue estimate of nonlinear Schr\”{o}dinger (NLS) equations in R2 with square-root and saturable nonlinearity, respectively. Furthermore, the eigenvalue estimate can be used to prove the 2nd order term (which is of order $\ln\Gamma$) of the lower bound of the ground state energy as the coefficient $\Gamma$ of the nonlinear term tends to infinity.