A Nonlocal Vector Calculus and Nonlocal Balance Laws
Wednesday, October 30, 2013 - 11:30am - 12:20pm
A vector calculus for nonlocal operators is developed, including the definition of nonlocal divergence, gradient, and curl operators and the derivation of the corresponding adjoint operators. Nonlocal analogs of several theorems and identities of the vector calculus for differential operators are also presented. Relationships between the nonlocal operators and their differential counterparts are established, first in a distributional sense and then in a weak sense by considering weighted integrals of the nonlocal adjoint operators. The operators of the nonlocal calculus are used to define volume-constrained problems that are analogous to elliptic boundary-value problems for differential operators; this is demonstrated via some examples. Another application discussed is the posing of abstract nonlocal balance laws and deriving the corresponding nonlocal field equations; this is demonstrated for heat conduction and the peridynamic mechanics model.