Capturing Intermittent and Low-frequency Variability in High-dimensional Data Through Nonlinear Laplacian Spectral Analysis

Tuesday, March 12, 2013 - 4:00pm - 4:30pm
Keller 3-180
Dimitris Giannakis (Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences)
Nonlinear Laplacian spectral analysis (NLSA) is a method for spatiotemporal analysis of high-dimensional data, which represents spatial and temporal patterns through singular value decomposition of a family of maps acting on scalar functions on the nonlinear data manifold. Through the use of orthogonal basis functions (determined by means of graph Laplace-Beltrami eigenfunction algorithms) and time-lagged embedding, NLSA captures intermittency, rare events, and other nonlinear dynamical features which are not accessible through classical linear approaches such as singular spectrum analysis. We present applications of NLSA to detection of decadal and intermittent variability in the North Pacific sector of comprehensive climate models, and convectively-coupled modes of tropical atmospheric dynamics in infrared brightness temperature satellite data.
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