Existence, Stability and Dynamics of Solitary Waves and Vortices in Superfluids: From Theory to Experiments
Thursday, April 4, 2013 - 10:30am - 12:00pm
In this talk, we will present an overview of recent theoretical, numerical and experimental work concerning the static, stability, bifurcation and dynamic properties of coherent structures that can emerge in one-and higher-dimensional settings within Bose-Einstein condensates at the coldest temperatures in the universe (i.e., at the nanoKelvin scale). We will discuss how this ultracold quantum mechanical setting can be approximated at a mean-field level by a deterministic PDE of the nonlinear Schrodinger type and what the fundamental nonlinear waves of the latter are, such as dark solitons and vortices. Then, we will try to go to a further layer of simplified description via nonlinear ODEs encompassing the dynamics of the waves within the traps that confine them, and the interactions between them. Finally, we will attempt to compare the analytical and numerical implementation of these reduced descriptions to recent experimental results and speculate towards a number of interesting future directions within this field.