Empowering Optical Metamaterials with Gain and Nonlinearities
Tuesday, October 3, 2006 - 9:30am - 10:20am
Metamaterials, i.e. artificial engineered structures with properties not available in nature are expected to open a gateway to unprecedented electromagnetic properties and functionality unattainable from naturally occurring materials. Negative-refractive index metamaterials create entirely new prospects for guiding light on the nanoscale, some of which may have revolutionary impact on present-day optical technologies. We review this new emerging field of metamaterials and recent progress in demonstrating a negative refractive index in the optical range, where applications can be particularly important. We also discuss strategies how to push the wavelength region of negative refractive index into the visible range by using plasmon resonant metal nanostructures.