Analysis of a Mathematical Model of the Effect of Inhibitors on the Growth of Tumors

Monday, November 16, 1998 - 2:00pm - 3:00pm
Keller 3-180
Avner Friedman (University of Minnesota, Twin Cities)
In this paper we study a model of tumor growth in the presence of inhibitors. The tumor is assumed to be spherically symmetric and its boundary is an unknown function r=R(t). Within the tumor the concentration of nutrient and the concentration of inhibitor (drug) satisfy a system of reaction diffusion equations. The important parameters are . 0 (which depends on the tumor's parameters when no inhibitors are present), which depends only on the specific properties of the inhibitor, and which is the (normalized) external concentration of the inhibitor. In this paper we give precise conditions under which there exist one dormant tumor, two dormant tumors, or none. We then prove that in the first case, the dormant tumor is globally asymptotically stable, and in the second case, if the radii of the dormant tumors are denoted by R-s, R+s with R-s > R+s, then the smaller one is asymptotically stable, so that $dislim_{trightarrowinfty} R(t)=R_s^-$, provided the initial radius $R_0$ is smaller than $R^+_s$; if however $R_0>R^+_s$ then the initial tumor in general grows unboundedly in time. The above analysis suggests an effective strategy for treatment of tumors.