Stabilization, L yapunov-Like Functions, and the Effect of Disturbances

Thursday, April 30, 1998 - 2:00pm - 2:30pm
Keller 3-180
Eduardo Sontag (Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
This expository talk describes several recent results in the areas of stability and stabilization of nonlinear control systems.

The first part will survey relationships between the existence of feedback stabilizers and control-Lyapunov functions (cLf's). The focus will be on correspondences between, respectively,

stabilizability and continuous cLf's, and
closed-loop robustness to small disturbances and smooth cLf's.

In particular, the issue of discontinuous feedback stabilization leads one to a definition of closed-loop behavior which originates in the theory of differential games. Techniques from nonsmooth analysis (viscosity-like) are used in the construction of stabilizers.

Time permitting, the second part of the talk will shift into the effect of large disturbances, and notions of stability that take into account external perturbations. The concepts of input-to-state stability (ISS), as well as the more recently introduced integral input-to-state stability (IISS), provide a theoretical framework in which to analyze the issues that arise in this context. The focus will be on dissipation (Lyapunov-like) characterizations of these properties.