IMA Postdoc Seminar (May 18, 2010)

Speaker:Ning Jiang (Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences at New York University)

Title:Kinetic-Fluid Boundary Layers and Applications to Hydrodynamic Limits of Boltzmann Equation.

Abstract:In a bounded domain with smooth boundary (which can be considered as a smooth sub-manifold of R3), we consider the Boltzmann equation with general Maxwell boundary condition---linear combination of specular reflection and diffusive absorption. We analyze the kinetic (Knudsen layer) and fluid (viscous layer) coupled boundary layers in both acoustic and incompressible regimes, in which the boundary layers behave significantly different. The existence and damping properties of these kinetic-fluid layers depends on the relative size of accommodation number and Kundsen number, and the differential geometric property of the boundary (the second fundamental form.) As applications, first we justify the incompressible Navier-Stokes-Fourier limit of the Boltzmann equation with Dirichlet, Navier, and diffusive boundary conditions respectively, depending on the relative size of accommodation number and Kundsen number. Using the damping property of the boundary layer in acoustic regime, we proved the convergence is strong. The second application is that we derive and justified the higher order acoustic approximation of the Boltzmann equation. This is a joint work with Nader Masmoudi.