Joint work with Paul A. Reneke.
A class of finite element models called zone models, provide the ability to predict the environment in a building in real time. The opportunities afforded by this capability span the applications from parameter studies of the effects of fire in a building, to real time response for these extreme environmental events. This paper will discuss the mathematical background which makes this possible, the constraints imposed by the need for rapid calculation and some of the applications. Also discussed are the means by which such models can be verified and validated.